On this page: Anxiety disorders, behavioral and emotional disorders in children, bipolar affective disorder, depression, dissociative and dissociative disorders, eating disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder, paranoia. The term psychological disorders is sometimes used to refer to what are more commonly known as mental disorders or psychiatric disorders. Mental disorders are patterns of behavioral or psychological symptoms that affect multiple areas of life. These disorders cause distress to the person experiencing the symptoms.
Mental disorders (or mental illnesses) are conditions that affect thinking, feelings, mood, and behavior. They can be occasional or long-term (chronic). They can affect your ability to relate to others and to function every day. There are several different types of mental health disorders, each of which has a certain set of criteria.
The details of each mental illness are found in the DSM-5, which health care providers and mental health professionals use to diagnose a mental health problem. Mood disorders encompass a variety of depressive and bipolar disorders. While we all feel sad or depressed from time to time, a mood disorder is different. Mood disorders are very intense and persistent, significantly affecting everyday life.
Personality disorders are characterized by long-term maladaptive thought and behavior patterns that can make it difficult to start or maintain relationships, as well as to manage daily stress in both personal and work life. Department of Health and Human Services. What are the five main types of anxiety disorders? American Psychiatric Association. What are eating disorders? Anxiety and Depression Association of the United States.
Sometimes it may be necessary to see more than one health care provider to make a formal diagnosis, and often it starts with talking to a primary care doctor who can refer you to a mental health specialist. According to the National Alliance on Mental Illness, symptoms of depression can include changes in appetite, an inability to concentrate, lack of energy, a sense of hopelessness, and even physical aches and pains. Recovery can be customized specifically for you based on your disorder, other mental health issues you may be dealing with, your environment, your financial situation, and even your family history. Reactive attachment disorder can occur when children don't establish healthy relationships and bonds with adult caregivers during the early years of childhood.
While not a complete list of all mental disorders, the following list includes some of the main categories of disorders described in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) and in the fifth edition, the revision of the text (DSM-5-TR). Presented by editor-in-chief and therapist Amy Morin, LCSW, this episode of The Verywell Mind podcast, with GRAMMY-winning singer JoJo, shares the benefits of antidepressants and how to manage mental health. While mental illness can be caused by factors that are beyond your control, learning more about mental illness and seeking help doesn't have to be. Sometimes the symptoms of a mental health disorder appear as physical problems, such as stomach pain, back pain, headaches, or other unexplained aches and pains.
Psychotherapy is a form of talk therapy or cognitive-behavioral therapy in which a trained mental health professional helps a person with depression through communications and activities that support healing. The National Institute of Mental Health suggests that multiple factors may influence the development of schizophrenia, including genetics, brain chemistry, environmental factors, and substance use. The diagnosis may involve a medical evaluation to rule out any underlying physical cause that may be contributing to mental illness. However, we hope that by knowing more about the types of mental illnesses and having resources to learn more about them, you will feel better able to go to a mental health professional, a support group, or a friend for help.
If you or a loved one has problems with thoughts, behaviors, or emotional distress related to mental illness, this can be frightening and isolating. Mental illness is generally diagnosed by a mental health professional, who uses the DSM-5 to assess whether a person meets the criteria for a particular mental illness. Eating disorders are characterized by obsessive concerns about weight and disturbing eating patterns that adversely affect physical and mental health. The symptoms that must occur before a health professional can make a diagnosis using the DSM-5 criteria vary depending on the type of illness, but there are some common warning signs of mental illness.